Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number

Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is without doubt one of the most typical ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It’s related in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated utilizing the person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number development can assist reveal key information about people and permit analysts to easily establish false ID numbers.

Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we talk about the structure of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, also known as a first name, is either a single name, corresponding to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, equivalent to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames could be compound, but this is less common.

For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding property for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three parts, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.

Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It’s structured as follows:

4 letters from the person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First internal vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name

Six numbers that are the individual’s date of birth in YYMMDD format

One letter describing the person’s gender: “H” for male (hombre) and “M” for feminine (mujer)

Two letters which might be the two-letter state abbreviation for the state where the particular person was born; if the particular person was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation “NE” might be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)

Three letters from the individual’s authorized name: – First inside consonant of the paternal surname – First internal consonant of the maternal surname – First inside consonant of the given name

One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among people who have similar names, places of birth, and dates of delivery; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born before 2000 and a letter from A to Z for folks born since 2000

One character that is a checksum

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